A regularly asked question!
So what are the implications of not spaying or neutering your cat:
So what is Spaying and Neutering!
Neutering is for male cats, and is a simple operation where their testicles are removed. Spaying is for female cats, and is a more complicated operation,as in order to remove the uterus etc the vet needs to open up the cat's belly.
Both of course are to prevent the animal of having/siring an unwanted litter (as well as preventing unpleasant behaviour like a male cat marking his territory with urine).
Annual Check-Ups at the Vets - Prevention is better than cure, so make sure you get your cat checked out by the vet at least annually.
Groom your cat regularly - Whether your cat has short or long fur, they will benefit greatly from regular brushing or combing. This helps remove the dead hair from their coat so they do not ingest it while self-grooming. It also gives you the chance to notice any changes to their body. Irregularities such as lumps, bumps or sore spots can then be investigated right away by your vet.
Provide fresh water daily - Clean, fresh water is essential for your cat's good health. If your cat doesn't like to drink from a bowl, consider providing them with a tall glass (some cats don't like to bend down to drink) or a cat fountain. Be sure to replenish the water with a fresh supply every day.
Make sure you have enough litter trays - Generally you should have a litter tray per cat plus 1 more. To encourage them to use the litter tray, keep the litter trays clean, scooping more than once per day. Regular cleaning will also help you notice any changes in your cat's urine or stool, which could indicate a health issue.
Train your cat to use a scratching post - This will not only help prevent damage to your furniture, it will help your cat stretch their muscles and keep their claws in top condition. Regular scratching helps remove the old layers from your cat's claws.
Keep your cat's teeth clean - Cats can develop tartar on their teeth, which can lead to gum disease and tooth decay. The bacteria that collect on your cat's teeth also can enter her bloodstream, contributing to other feline diseases. Cats can't brush their teeth themselves and many cats won't let their owners brush their teeth for them. To keep your cat's teeth in top condition, schedule a cleaning with your vet at least once every year.
Feeding your cat - Purchase high-quality, brand-name kitten or cat food. Your vet will be able to assess your new cat or kitten and determine the best diet. Factors such as age, activity level and health make a difference in what and how much a cat should eat.
Cats require taurine, an essential amino acid, for heart and eye health. The food you choose should be balanced for the life stage of your cat or kitten. Properly balanced foods will contain taurine.
Treats should be no more than 5-10% of the diet.
Many people feed baby food to a cat or kitten who is refusing food or not feeling well Please read labels carefully: If the baby food contains onion or garlic powder, your pet could be poisoned.
Take your pet to your vet if signs of anorexia, diarrhea, vomiting or lethargy continue for more than two days.
Foods to avoid giving your cat - The following are POISONS to your cat and can make your cat very ill or can be fatal: